From Jamaican Cult Music
Kumina (formerly "cumina") is a dance-drumming and music tradition with both sacred and secular forms. Kumina strongly influenced the development of the Rastafarian percussion style. This recording was made in the early 1950s by Simpson in Trench Town, West Kingston and represents a somewhat stripped-down version of the style as has flourished in the rural parishes of of Jamaica from the late 19th century to the present. In these contexts, Kumina incorporates other sounding bodies such as candles, graters, shakas and catta sticks may be used to strike the drum and enrich the sound. Here the instrumentalists play African style and European bass drums, gourd rattles and a scraper made from a coconut shell.