Skip to main content



This Turkmen lament demonstrates the intersection of a Turkic musical style with that of Khorasan, in northeastern Iran. The melody develops in a manner reminiscent of Middle Eastern modes, but the hiccupping vocal ornaments identify the style as distinctly nomadic. In the text, the poet evokes the difficulties of his personal fate, and wishes for a glimpse of his beloved. (During, Levin 2001)