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Sudan: Music of the Blue Nile Province - The Ingessana and Berta Tribes

Various Artists
Sudan: Music of the Blue Nile Province - The Ingessana and Berta Tribes

These field recordings, made by Robert Gottlieb in November and December 1980, are of the Ingessana and Berta peoples in Sudan’s Blue Nile Province. Though both groups inhabit the same geographical area, they are culturally very different.

Berta, the largest tribal group in the region, are an Arabicized culture, as evidenced by their dress, social customs, and musical instruments such as the rebab, a type of fiddle. The recordings on this collection include a 12-waza (gourd trumpet) ensemble of the Madbis clan and a 16-bulhu (end-blown vertical flute) ensemble of the Fagwaji clan.

The Ingessana tribe for the most part did not adapt the Islamic faith of other area tribes and retained their traditional music practices. There are four major groups of Ingessana, each with their own dialect, but only two, the Kuluk and Tabi, are represented in this collection. Bal bamboo flutes and janger, a type of lyre, are common among all Ingessana groups, but the repertoire differs by clan.

Extensive, illustrated liner notes written by Gottlieb accompany the recording. Gottlieb also recorded the music of the Gumuz people on UNES08072 (Sudan: Music of the Blue Nile Province—The Gumuz Tribe).

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This album is part of the UNESCO Collection of Traditional Music. More than 125 albums are being released by Smithsonian Folkways Recordings to make the series publicly available again, including more than a dozen never-released albums of musical traditions from around the globe.

Track Listing

101
Ceremonial Dance-Songs Meroel Village, Ingessana Tribe 8:04
102
Solo songs with lyre accompaniment Meroel Village, Ingessana Tribe 1:06
103
Solo songs with lyre accompaniment Doogus Idris of Bau Village and janger player, Ingessana Tribe 8:05
104
Kamdin. Bal-Ensemble Bau Village, Ingessana Tribe 1:54
105
Kogder. Bal-Ensemble Bau Village, Ingessana Tribe 2:39
106
Jen Anatai. Bal-Ensemble Bau Village, Ingessana Tribe 2:12
107
Al Shammasha. Waza-Ensemble Sayid Abdul Rahman and his group, Madbis clan, Ganis Village, Berta Tribe 2:04
108
Sozea Gaita. Waza-Ensemble Sayid Abdul Rahman and his group, Madbis clan, Ganis Village, Berta Tribe 1:17
109
Wadaberi. Waza-Ensemble Sayid Abdul Rahman and his group, Madbis clan, Ganis Village, Berta Tribe 1:25
110
Afinandigi. Waza-Ensemble Sayid Abdul Rahman and his group, Madbis clan, Ganis Village, Berta Tribe 1:23
111
Gundi Aja. Waza-Ensemble Sayid Abdul Rahman and his group, Madbis clan, Ganis Village, Berta Tribe 1:11
112
Abba Musa. Waza-Ensemble Sayid Abdul Rahman and his group, Madbis clan, Ganis Village, Berta Tribe 1:21
113
Adodo. Waza-Ensemble Sayid Abdul Rahman and his group, Madbis clan, Ganis Village, Berta Tribe 0:58
114
Ya Musa. Waza-Ensemble Sayid Abdul Rahman and his group, Madbis clan, Ganis Village, Berta Tribe 1:47
115
Watana Numeiry. Bulhu-Ensemble Abdullah Razig Saad and his group, Fagwaji clan, Ganis Village, Berta Tribe 1:22
116
Watana Numeiry. Bulhu-Ensemble Abdullah Razig Saad and his group, Fagwaji clan, Ganis Village, Berta Tribe 3:37
117
Bulhu Scale Abdullah Razig Saad and his group, Fagwaji clan, Ganis Village, Berta Tribe 0:31
118
Ania. Bulhu-Ensemble Abdullah Razig Saad and his group, Fagwaji clan, Ganis Village, Berta Tribe 3:30
119
Aferi. Bulhu-Ensemble Abdullah Razig Saad and his group, Fagwaji clan, Ganis Village, Berta Tribe 3:05

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