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Puerto Rico: Its History: Pre-1493 to the Present

Puerto Rico: Its History: Pre-1493 to the Present

This 1978 spoken word recording was developed to expose listeners, particularly Puerto Ricans living in the mainland United States, to the rich history and culture of Puerto Rico. The narrative is written and spoken by Dr. Robert A. Martinez. He begins with a description of the island’s geography, then turns to its history—from the indigenous Tainos to Christopher Columbus’ arrival in 1493 to the present. Included are Puerto Rico’s colonization by the Spanish, its transfer to the United States in 1898, and the United States’ conferral of commonwealth status on the island in 1952. Puerto Rico remains a commonwealth of the United States. Dr. Martinez also devotes chapters to the economy and especially the independence movement. The last quarter of the recording focuses on the folklore, art, literature, and musical culture of the island. A written text of the narrative accompanies the recording.

Track Listing

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101
The Land Robert Martinez 2:10
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102
The Indians Robert Martinez 1:45
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103
The Spanish Conquerors Robert Martinez 3:25
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104
The Mining Economy Robert Martinez 2:55
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105
The Sugar Cycle Robert Martinez 2:16
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106
Decline of the Sugar Cycle (Mercantilism) Robert Martinez 6:35
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107
The Contraband Cycle Robert Martinez 7:56
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201
The Nineteenth Century Robert Martinez 1:55
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202
El Grito de Lares Robert Martinez 1:02
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203
The Move for Autonomy Robert Martinez 2:11
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204
The Twentieth Century: The U.S. Enters Puerto Rico Robert Martinez 3:10
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205
Luis Munoz Rivera Robert Martinez 1:13
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301
José Celso Barbosa Robert Martinez 1:17
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302
José de Diego Robert Martinez 2:22
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303
Pedro Albizu Campos Robert Martinez 2:41
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304
Toward Modernization: Luis Munoz Marin Robert Martinez 8:56
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305
Puerto Rican Culture: Art and Literature Robert Martinez 2:45
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401
Puerto Rican Folklore: Indian and African Aspects Robert Martinez 2:08
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402
The Puerto Rican and His Music Robert Martinez 1:25
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403
Twentieth Century Literary Expressions Robert Martinez 1:29
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404
Summary Robert Martinez 2:10
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