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Bongo, Backra & Coolie: Jamaican Roots, Vol. 2

Various Artists
Bongo, Backra & Coolie: Jamaican Roots, Vol. 2

Jamaican folk music blends African, European and East Indian (in dialect: Bongo, Backra and Coolie) roots into something distinctly Jamaican. Revival Zion, an Afro-Christian religious cult influenced by the early 19th century Myal cults and American missionaries (largely Baptist), involves possession led by a body of music comprised of Christian hymns, choruses, bands choruses and blowing tunes. Possession is uniquely defined by a heavy rhythmic breathing often called “trumping”; this practice is clearly audible on this recording. Quadrille (“katreel”) music hearkens back to the colonial era when slaves learned European dance forms for the entertainment of the Europeans, but it quickly became a fully appropriated fiddle music for the entertainment of the non-Europeans following the fall of slavery. On these recordings, the instrumentation includes bamboo fife, guitars and four-string banjo. Fife and drum music is often associated with junkanoo festivities surrounding the Christmas season that involves energetic dancing intended for “jollification.” Volume One (FW04231) includes music of kumina and convince cults and “Hindustani” dance music.


RELATED LESSON PLAN
"The Sounds of an Island: Jamaican Music for the Classroom"


Track Listing

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101
Zion Revival: Chorus Revival Zion drummers, singers, dancers 3:52
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102
Zion Revival: Chorus Revival Zion singers, female dancers 4:00
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103
Nine Nights Set Up Song: Band of Holy Angels Wake singers, guitarist 3:41
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104
Quadrille Band: Round Dance St. Ann quadrille band 3:02
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105
Quadrille Band: Quadrille 1st figure St. Ann quadrille band 0:45
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106
Quadrille Band: Quadrille 3rd figure St. Ann quadrille band 2:13
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201
Quadrille Band: Quadrille 4th figure St. Ann quadrille band 3:36
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202
Quadrille Band: Jane and Luisa St. Ann quadrille band 3:45
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203
Fife and Drum: John Canoe Music St. Ann fife and drum band 2:46
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204
Fife and Drum: Ballerina/John Canoe St. Ann fife and drum band 3:29
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